Quidditch is the most popular sport in the Wizarding World. Originating in the eleventh century, it is played all around the world. The sport of Quidditch involves two teams flying on broomsticks around an oval shaped grassy pitch. Teams attempt to score points by throwing a large red ball (Quaffle) through one of three hoops, or goalposts. There are seven players on a Quiddich team, each with a unique role.
The term Quidditch comes from the name Queerditch Marsh, the place where the game originated. A millennium later, the sport of Quidditch has evolved greatly to reach its current form. Read on to learn about all aspects of this popular wizarding sport!
Anatomy of a Quidditch team
A Quidditch team consists of seven players, made up of:
3 x Chasers
It is the job of the three Chasers to score points for their team. The Chasers handle and pass the Quaffle (the largest ball) and attempt to throw it through one of three hoops (located at the end of the pitch). Each ‘hoop’ scored gives the team in possession 10 points.
2 x Beaters
It is the job of the Beaters to protect their team from the two Bludgers, the powerful balls which fly around the pitch, attempting to knock players of their brooms. The Beaters have a club (similar to a baseball bat) which they use to knock the Bludger off course (or, into the path of opposition players).
1 x Keeper
It is the job of the Keeper to protect the team’s goal, like a football/soccer goalkeeper. The Keeper uses his or her hands to stop incoming shots, and is required to perform tricky broom manoeuvres to keep the hoops protected.
1 x Seeker
The Seeker has the most important job of all. A Seeker is required to catch the Golden Snitch, a small, golden, walnut sized ball that flies erratically around the Quidditch pitch. The Snitch earns the team 150 points and marks the end of the match. A game of Quidditch only ends when the Golden Snitch is caught (even if that takes days — or weeks!).
A Quidditch match is played with four unique balls.
1 x Quaffle
The Quaffle is about the size of a football and is scarlet red. It is equipped with a Gripping Charm in order to help players catch it. It is also fitted with a charm that reduces its speed if it falls (imagine if the Quaffle was dropped and it fell to the ground below!)
2 x Bludgers
The Bludgers are small, iron balls. They target players, attempting to knock them off their brooms. The Bludgers have to be restrained before a Quidditch match because they would attack anyone in range!
1 x Golden Snitch
The Golden Snitch is considered the most important ball of all. When captured, it earns the team in possession 150 points. It is small (about the size of a walnut) and has two wings. It rapidly circles the pitch and is extremely difficult to spot. The game of Quidditch only ends when the Golden Snitch is caught.
Six in all, these fifty foot-high structures enable scoring. Every time a Quaffle is thrown through one of the hoops, 10 points is earned. There are three on each end of the field, guarded by the team Keeper.
The Beaters use large, heavy clubs to knock the Bludgers towards opposing players. They are wooden and shaped somewhat like a baseball bat.
Quidditch players fly on broomsticks. There are a range of broomsticks in the Wizarding World, with distinct variations in both price and quality (for example, speed and handling).
Ten common fouls
|Blagging||All players||Seizing an opponent’s broom tail to slow or hinder|
|Blatching||All players||Flying with intent to collide|
|Blurting||All players||Locking broom handles with a view to steering an opponent off course|
|Bumphing||Beaters only||Hitting a Bludger towards the crowd, necessitating a halt of the game as officials rush to protect bystanders. Sometimes used by unscrupulous players to prevent an opposing Chaser scoring|
|Cobbing||All players||Excessive use of elbows towards opponents|
|Flacking||Keeper only||Sticking any portion of anatomy through a goal hoop to punch Quaffle out. The Keeper is supposed to block the goal hoop from the front rather than the rear|
|Haversacking||Chasers only||Hand still on Quaffle as it goes through goal hoop (Quaffle must be thrown)|
|Quaffle-pocking||Chasers only||Tampering with Quaffle, e.g., puncturing it so that it falls more quickly or zig-zags|
|Snitchnip||All players but Seeker||Any player other than Seeker touching or catching the Golden Snitch|
|Stooging||Chasers only||More than one Chaser entering the scoring area|
Quidditch at Hogwarts
Each Hogwarts house (Gryffindor, Ravenclaw, Slytherin and Hufflepuff) competes for an annual championship cup (the Quidditch Cup). The cup is kept in that house’s possession for the next school year.
|Chaser||Angelina Johnson (C)
|Marcus Flint (C)||Roger Davies||Summerby Cadwallader|
|Keeper||Oliver Wood (C)
|Seeker||Harry Potter (c Year 6)
|Cho Chang||Cedric Diggory
(c) = team captain
Quidditch is a sport played both domestically and internationally. Information about foreign teams is scarce, but we do find out some information about Ireland and Bulgaria at the Quidditch World Cup (Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire).
|Seeker||Victor Krum||Aiden Lynch|
In Britain, “League Quidditch” is played. The following teams are known to compete.
- Appleby Arrows (Northern England)
- Ballycastle Bats (Northern Island)
- Caerphilly Catapults (Unknown)
- Chudley Cannons (Unknown)
- Falmouth Falcons (Unknown)
- Holyhead Harpies (Wales) (After the events of the Harry Potter books, Ginny Weasley played for this team)
- Kenmare Kestrels (Ireland)
- Montrose Magpies (Unknown)
- Pride of Portree (Isle of Skye)
- Puddlemere United (Unknown)
- Tutshill Tornados (Unknown)
- Wigtown Wanderers (Unknown)
- Wimbourne Wasps (Unknown)
Below is a guide to some of the broomsticks that exist in the Wizarding World.
- Nimbus 1000
- Nimbus 1500
- Nimbus 2000
- Nimbus 2001
- Cleansweep One
- Cleansweep Two
- Cleansweep Three
- Cleansweep Four
- Cleansweep Five
- Cleansweep Six
- Cleansweep Seven
- Comet One-Forty
- Comet One-Eighty
- Comet Two-Sixty
- Firebolt (the fastest broom on the market — Harry Potter owns one of these)
- Oakshaft 79
- The Bluebottle
- Twigger 90
- Silver Arrow
- Shooting Star